AMA Admin 102 - The Semicolon, Colon, and Quotation Marks

In this lesson, you will learn how to properly use semicolons, colons, and quotation marks. You will also hear examples for each and learn when to use them in your writing.

Transcript: 
<transcript> <points> <main_point time="0"> <text><![CDATA[The sole purpose of punctuation is to make the text clear.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="8"> <text><![CDATA[If a mark of punctuation does not clarify the text, it should be omitted.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="13"> <text><![CDATA[There are standards and formalities in punctuation that you must fully grasp, not only to satisfy your boss but also to help promote your own career.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="22"> <text><![CDATA[Once it leaves the office, your work speaks for itself.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="26"> <text><![CDATA[You want it to be a source of pride for both your employer and you.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="30"> <text><![CDATA[In this series of modules, we will discuss the list of punctuation marks with usage rules and examples for each.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="40"> <text><![CDATA[A semicolon is used when the conjunction is omitted between parts of a compound sentence:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="47"> <text><![CDATA[I went with them; I should have stayed at home.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="53"> <text><![CDATA[A semicolon precedes words such as however, moreover, or otherwise when they introduce the second of two connected full sentences:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="62"> <text><![CDATA[She is arriving at noon; however, she will not stay long.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="66"> <text><![CDATA[If parts of a series contain inner punctuation such as a comma, the parts are separated by a semicolon:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="73"> <text><![CDATA[He came to see his mother, who was ill; his sister, who lived in the next town; and his old schoolmate.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="82"> <text><![CDATA[The colon generally follows a sentence introducing a tabulation or a long quotation:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="89"> <text><![CDATA[The following quotation is from the Detroit Free Press: “Regardless of what may be accomplished, the company will still be involved.”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="99"> <text><![CDATA[During your first year, you will study such subjects as these: algebra, physics, chemistry, and psychology.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="106"> <text><![CDATA[EXCEPTION: When the tabulated list is the object of a verb or a preposition, a colon is never used:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="115"> <text><![CDATA[During your first year, you will study algebra, physics, chemistry, and psychology.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="124"> <text><![CDATA[The colon is also used to stress a word, phrase, or clause that follows it or when a sentence creates anticipation for what immediately follows:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="134"> <text><![CDATA[The newspaper published a startling statement: the city had been completely destroyed by fire.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="142"> <text><![CDATA[The colon is used to separate hours and minutes in expressions of time:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="147"> <text><![CDATA[4:15 a.m. CST.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="153"> <text><![CDATA[The colon is used to separate a title from a subtitle:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="159"> <text><![CDATA[Gone With the Wind: A Story of the Old South.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="163"> <text><![CDATA[Double quotation marks are used to set off any material quoted within a sentence or paragraph.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="170"> <text><![CDATA[If the quoted material consists of several paragraphs, the opening quotation mark is used at the beginning of the quotation and at the beginning of each paragraph within the quotation;]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="181"> <text><![CDATA[a closing quotation mark, however, is used only at the conclusion of the quotation.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="186"> <text><![CDATA[It is not used at the end of each paragraph within the quotation, as many people mistakenly think.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="192"> <text><![CDATA[For example:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="195"> <text><![CDATA[The passage he read aloud was from the first chapter:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="200"> <text><![CDATA[“The discovery of this energy brings us to the problem of how to allow it to be used.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="204"> <text><![CDATA[The use of atomic power throws us back to the Greek legend of Prometheus and the age-old question of whether force should be exerted against law.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="216"> <text><![CDATA[“The man of today must decide whether he will use this power for destruction or for peaceful purposes.”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="223"> <text><![CDATA[When he had finished the reading, there was loud applause.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="230"> <text><![CDATA[Single quotation marks indicate a quotation within the quotation:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="235"> <text><![CDATA[He said, “Did you hear John make the statement, ‘I will not go with her,’ or were you not present at the time he spoke?”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="244"> <text><![CDATA[In printed text, the titles of essays, articles, poems, stories, or chapters are set off within quotation marks; titles of plays, books, and periodical publications are italicized:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="258"> <text><![CDATA[Quotation marks:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="260"> <text><![CDATA[The name of the article is “I Believe.”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="264"> <text><![CDATA[The poem is titled, “Tread Gently.”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="267"> <text><![CDATA[Italicized:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="269"> <text><![CDATA[The title of the book is Journey Into Night.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="272"> <text><![CDATA[It was first published in Harper’s Magazine.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="277"> <text><![CDATA[Place quotation marks outside the comma and the period:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="282"> <text><![CDATA[“Don’t stop now,” he said, “when you have so little left to finish.”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="287"> <text><![CDATA[Place quotation marks inside the colon and the semicolon:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="291"> <text><![CDATA[He called her a “little witch”; that was right after she broke his model plane.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="297"> <text><![CDATA[Place quotation marks outside an exclamation point or a question mark when the quoted material alone is an exclamation or a question:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="306"> <text><![CDATA[“I passed my test!”]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="309"> <text><![CDATA[Place quotation marks inside an exclamation point or a question mark when the quoted material alone is not an exclamation or a question:]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="318"> <text><![CDATA[Didn’t he claim to be “too tired”?]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="323"> <text><![CDATA[In this lesson, we’ve discussed various uses of the semicolon, colon, and quotation marks.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="329"> <text><![CDATA[For more information on any of these, check out the resources tab.]]></text> </main_point> <main_point time="333"> <text><![CDATA[If you’d like to learn about any other punctuation marks, make sure you watch the rest of this series of modules on punctuation.]]></text> </main_point> </points> <definitions> <definition word="conjunction" definition="any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Some examples are: and, because, but, however."/> <definition word="compound sentence" definition="a sentence containing two or more coordinate independent clauses, usually joined by one or more conjunctions, but no dependent clause, as The lightning flashed  (independent clause) and  (conjunction) the rain fell  (independent clause)."/> </definitions> <html_text><![CDATA[<p><A HREF="Event:Time_0">The sole purpose of punctuation is to make the text clear.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_8"> If a mark of punctuation does not clarify the text, it should be omitted.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_13"> There are standards and formalities in punctuation that you must fully grasp, not only to satisfy your boss but also to help promote your own career.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_22"> Once it leaves the office, your work speaks for itself.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_26"> You want it to be a source of pride for both your employer and you.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_30"> In this series of modules, we will discuss the list of punctuation marks with usage rules and examples for each.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_40"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">A semicolon is used when the </A><A HREF="Event:Time_40|Word_conjunction"><span class="definition">conjunction</span></A><A HREF="Event:Time_40"> is omitted between parts of a </A><A HREF="Event:Time_40|Word_compound sentence"><span class="definition">compound sentence</span></A><A HREF="Event:Time_40">:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_47"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">I went with them; I should have stayed at home.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_53"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">A semicolon precedes words such as however, moreover, or otherwise when they introduce the second of two connected full sentences:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_62"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">She is arriving at noon; however, she will not stay long.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_66"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">If parts of a series contain inner punctuation such as a comma, the parts are separated by a semicolon:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_73"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">He came to see his mother, who was ill; his sister, who lived in the next town; and his old schoolmate.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_82"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The colon generally follows a sentence introducing a tabulation or a long quotation:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_89"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The following quotation is from the Detroit Free Press: “Regardless of what may be accomplished, the company will still be involved.”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_99"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">During your first year, you will study such subjects as these: algebra, physics, chemistry, and psychology.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_106"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">EXCEPTION: When the tabulated list is the object of a verb or a preposition, a colon is never used:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_115"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">During your first year, you will study algebra, physics, chemistry, and psychology.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_124"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The colon is also used to stress a word, phrase, or clause that follows it or when a sentence creates anticipation for what immediately follows:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_134"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The newspaper published a startling statement: the city had been completely destroyed by fire.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_142"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The colon is used to separate hours and minutes in expressions of time:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_147"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">4:15 a.m. CST.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_153"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The colon is used to separate a title from a subtitle:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_159"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Gone With the Wind: A Story of the Old South.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_163"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Double quotation marks are used to set off any material quoted within a sentence or paragraph.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_170"> If the quoted material consists of several paragraphs, the opening quotation mark is used at the beginning of the quotation and at the beginning of each paragraph within the quotation;</A><A HREF="Event:Time_181"> a closing quotation mark, however, is used only at the conclusion of the quotation.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_186"> It is not used at the end of each paragraph within the quotation, as many people mistakenly think.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_192"> For example:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_195"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The passage he read aloud was from the first chapter:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_200"> “The discovery of this energy brings us to the problem of how to allow it to be used.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_204"> The use of atomic power throws us back to the Greek legend of Prometheus and the age-old question of whether force should be exerted against law.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_216"> “The man of today must decide whether he will use this power for destruction or for peaceful purposes.”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_223"> When he had finished the reading, there was loud applause.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_230"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Single quotation marks indicate a quotation within the quotation:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_235"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">He said, “Did you hear John make the statement, ‘I will not go with her,’ or were you not present at the time he spoke?”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_244"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">In printed text, the titles of essays, articles, poems, stories, or chapters are set off within quotation marks; titles of plays, books, and periodical publications are italicized:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_258"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Quotation marks:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_260"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The name of the article is “I Believe.”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_264"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The poem is titled, “Tread Gently.”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_267"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Italicized:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_269"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">The title of the book is Journey Into Night.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_272"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">It was first published in Harper’s Magazine.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_277"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Place quotation marks outside the comma and the period:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_282"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">“Don’t stop now,” he said, “when you have so little left to finish.”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_287"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Place quotation marks inside the colon and the semicolon:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_291"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">He called her a “little witch”; that was right after she broke his model plane.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_297"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Place quotation marks outside an exclamation point or a question mark when the quoted material alone is an exclamation or a question:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_306"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">“I passed my test!”</A><A HREF="Event:Time_309"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Place quotation marks inside an exclamation point or a question mark when the quoted material alone is not an exclamation or a question:</A><A HREF="Event:Time_318"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">Didn’t he claim to be “too tired”?</A><A HREF="Event:Time_323"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT"></P><p ALIGN="LEFT">In this lesson, we’ve discussed various uses of the semicolon, colon, and quotation marks.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_329"> For more information on any of these, check out the resources tab.</A><A HREF="Event:Time_333"> If you’d like to learn about any other punctuation marks, make sure you watch the rest of this series of modules on punctuation.</P></A>]]></html_text> </transcript>
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Outline: 
<outline x="0" y="0" width="0" height="0" version="1.5"> <points> <main_point godTime="0" subPoint="0" index="0"><![CDATA[<p class="title">Semicolon, Colon and Quotation Marks </p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="39" subPoint="0" index="1"><![CDATA[<span class="ll-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/link_icon.png" width="30" height="10" vspace="0"/></span><p class="ll">Concept Check</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="40" subPoint="0" index="2"><![CDATA[<p class="a-head">When To Use a Semicolon</p><span class="spacing"><br /></span>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="53" subPoint="0" index="3"><![CDATA[<span class="b-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/bullet.png" width="10" height="10" vspace="3"/></span><p class="b-head">However, Moreover, or Otherwise</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="66" subPoint="0" index="4"><![CDATA[<span class="b-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/bullet.png" width="10" height="10" vspace="3"/></span><p class="b-head">Parts of a Series</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="82" subPoint="0" index="5"><![CDATA[<p class="a-head">When To Use a Colon</p><span class="spacing"><br /></span>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="124" subPoint="0" index="6"><![CDATA[<span class="b-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/bullet.png" width="10" height="10" vspace="3"/></span><p class="b-head">Stress a Word</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="164" subPoint="0" index="7"><![CDATA[<p class="a-head">Quotation Marks</p><span class="spacing"><br /></span>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="228" subPoint="0" index="8"><![CDATA[<span class="ll-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/link_icon.png" width="30" height="10" vspace="0"/></span><p class="ll">Web Link</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="229" subPoint="0" index="9"><![CDATA[<span class="b-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/bullet.png" width="10" height="10" vspace="3"/></span><p class="b-head">Single Quotation Marks</p>]]></main_point> <main_point godTime="322" subPoint="0" index="10"><![CDATA[<span class="ll-bullet"><img src="https://aklearning.com/assets/img/slim_vs.png" width="30" height="10" vspace="0"/></span><p class="ll">Thought Question</p>]]></main_point> </points> </outline>
Resources: 
<p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Here are some helpful resources to give you a quick guide when you need it:</span></span></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Wikipedia: Information on Every Punctuation Mark or Typography you Need:</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><a target="_blank" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punctuation" style="text-decoration:none;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(17, 85, 204); background-color: transparent; text-decoration: underline; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punctuation</span></a></span></p> <p> <br /> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><br /> </span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Quick Reference Guide to Punctuation:</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><a target="_blank" href="http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/marks.htm" style="text-decoration:none;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(17, 85, 204); background-color: transparent; text-decoration: underline; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/marks.htm</span></a></span></p> <p> <br /> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><br /> </span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation</span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">: An Extensive Guide to Grammar and Punctuation Marks:</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-60e9609b-312f-c731-8047-dd64dfdef753"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(17, 85, 204); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;"><a target="_blank" href="http://www.grammarbook.com/" style="text-decoration:none;">http://www.grammarbook.com/</a></span></span></p> <div> &nbsp;</div>
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Marketing Title: 
Semicolon, Colon and Quotation Marks
Key words: 
punctuation, language, usage, use, writing, speech, sentence, write, business, skills
Short Description: 
This module will teach you about the proper uses for semicolon, colons, and quotation marks.
Learning Objectives: 

Understand what semicolons, colons, and quotation marks are. Know when to properly use them in a sentence. Hear and see examples of each.

# of words: 
Locked: 
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